Challenges Faced by Huawei in Light of US Policies: Latest Developments



Huawei, one of the leading global technology giants, has been navigating a turbulent landscape due to stringent US policies. The Chinese multinational’s journey has been marked by a series of challenges and strategic shifts in response to the evolving geopolitical environment. This article explores the key hurdles faced by Huawei and the latest developments in this ongoing saga.

Key Challenges Faced by Huawei

US Trade Restrictions

Since 2019, Huawei has been on the US Department of Commerce’s Entity List, which restricts American companies from doing business with the Chinese tech firm without a special license. This move has significantly impacted Huawei’s ability to procure essential components, especially semiconductors, which are crucial for its smartphones and 5G equipment.

Supply Chain Disruptions

The ban has forced Huawei to rethink its supply chain strategies. With limited access to US-made technology, Huawei has struggled to find alternative suppliers. The situation has been further exacerbated by the global semiconductor shortage, putting additional strain on the company’s production capabilities.

Loss of Google Services

For Huawei’s consumer segment, particularly its smartphone business, the loss of Google Mobile Services (GMS) has been a substantial blow. This restriction has made Huawei devices less attractive in markets outside China, where GMS is highly valued by consumers.

5G Network Exclusion

The US has actively lobbied its allies to exclude Huawei from their 5G network infrastructure, citing national security concerns. Countries like the UK, Australia, and Japan have heeded this advice, leading to a decline in Huawei’s 5G equipment market share in these regions.

Strategic Responses and Recent Developments

Pivot to Software and Services

In response to hardware restrictions, Huawei has been shifting its focus towards software and services. The development of HarmonyOS, an alternative to Google’s Android, is a significant part of this strategy. Huawei aims to create an ecosystem that reduces its dependency on US technology.

Strengthening Domestic Supply Chains

Huawei has intensified efforts to bolster its domestic supply chains. The company is investing in local semiconductor companies and fostering partnerships with Chinese tech firms to develop homegrown alternatives to US components.

Expansion in Emerging Markets

To mitigate losses in Western markets, Huawei is increasing its presence in emerging markets such as Africa, the Middle East, and parts of Asia. These regions present opportunities for growth, with less resistance to Huawei’s 5G technology.

Legal and Diplomatic Efforts

Huawei has been actively pursuing legal avenues to challenge US sanctions. The company argues that the restrictions are politically motivated and have no substantial basis in national security concerns. Additionally, Huawei is engaging in diplomatic efforts to improve its global image and foster international partnerships.

Latest Developments

Licensing Agreements

Recently, there have been reports of Huawei securing licenses to access certain US technologies under specific conditions. These licenses, albeit limited, provide some relief and allow Huawei to maintain a degree of competitiveness in the market.

Breakthroughs in Semiconductor Technology

Huawei’s investment in research and development is starting to yield results. The company has announced advancements in semiconductor technology, aiming to produce chips domestically. These developments could potentially reduce its dependency on foreign suppliers in the long run.

New Product Launches

Despite the challenges, Huawei continues to innovate and release new products. The recent launch of the Mate series smartphones and advancements in 5G technology highlight the company’s resilience and commitment to maintaining its market position.

Geopolitical Shifts

The global geopolitical landscape is constantly evolving, and there are indications of potential shifts in US-China relations with changes in administration and international diplomacy. These shifts could lead to a reevaluation of existing policies and possibly ease some of the restrictions on Huawei.


Huawei’s journey in the face of US policies is a testament to the complexities of global trade and geopolitics. The company’s ability to adapt and innovate amid these challenges will be crucial in determining its future trajectory. As Huawei navigates this intricate landscape, the world watches closely, anticipating the next chapter in this unfolding story.

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